Articles Of Agreement 1636

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Agaam, alias Agawam, This fifteenth day of July 1636. And the Pynchon in question paid in hand these eighteen fatham of Wampam**, eighteen coats, 18 hatchets, 18 Howes, 18 knives to the Commucke & Matanchan make it another condition wth the Indians said they have and appreciate al the cotinackeesh, or the soil that is now planted; And have freedom, Pisces and deer, ground nuts, Akornes & Sasashiminesh or some kind of pea to take, And even if one of our cattle spoils their cornea, pay as it is worth, and the pigs do not walk on the side of Agawam, but decorate in time: even the Pynchone in question, gives wruththena*** two coats on the details, &in Witness here of the two said Indians, this present 15th day of July, 1636. On May 14, 1636 Henry Smith wrote the agreement to found the Springfield plantation. Only eight men signed it: William Pynchon, Mathew Mitchell, Henry Smith, Jehu Burr, William Blake, Edmund Wood, Thomas Ufford and John Cable. The agreement contained many articles for the future government of the transaction. The first task was to call on a minister and this issue was dealt with as follows: two days later, on May 16, 1636, the first allocation of land to the eight signatories and four others who joined them. The original site on the west side of the river was abandoned due to its exposure to the coolness that caused the marshy soil and a new site for the city was chosen on the east side. The case concerning the claims and rights holders of the area that is now Springfield is confusing and I do not pretend that I fully understand. The subject would be a long study in itself. However, as I have read many articles about it, it seems that everyone initially thought that the new colony of Agawam (like Windsor, Hartford, Wethersfield, all river towns) was under the authority of Connecticut. Misters Pynchon and Smith were in the legislative branch of Hartford. The invading Pequot Nation had limited trade on the Connecticut River and driven many local Indians from their homes, but by 1636 the pequots were decimated. Now, native Indians sought refuge in white men, especially against their old enemies, the Mohawks (literally those who eat animated things).

They had already asked several groups to come and make colonies in the valley. It may have been the same motive, as well as the possibility of exchanging skins that led the Indians to Mr. Pynchon`s door. Burt, Henry M. The First Century of Springfield History: Official Records from 1636 to 1736, with Historical Criticism and Biographical Mention of Founders I (Springfield, Mass., 1898-99) pp. 129-134. In the Salt Lake City (Utah) Family History Library, call 974.426/S1 N2b. Burning Springfield by the Indians October 1675 The first century of Springfield history; Official records from 1636 to 1736; With a historical and biographical critique of the founders, by Henry M, Burt; Theft, I; pages 129-34. A good representation of the Indian attack.

Under the wording of the agreement, but before the signings, Pynchon concluded the agreement: We testify to the above order, al being the first adventurers and explorers for planting….

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